In Europe, revenue was 1 percent higher than the previous year (in constant currencies: 2 percent lower). The trend was mixed with continued strong growth in Turkey, while the rest of Europe was stable or declined. In the UK, our positioning in the trade channel is strengthening. Most of the other countries in Europe showed lower revenue as a result of weak demand (particularly in Trade) due to the ongoing uncertain economic environment. Total Europe volumes were down 3 percent.
In the Netherlands, we successfully launched the Sikkens healthcare concept for hospitals. In France, we entered into an agreement to acquire the distributor SOFIP.