Emissions to air
We report the direct and indirect CO2 emissions from our industrial activities in line with the Greenhouse Gas (GHG) protocol.
Energy efficiency and carbon-efficient energy consumption are Key Performance Indicators for our own operations, since energy is an important input for some Specialty Chemicals businesses. In 2008, AkzoNobel’s energy bill totaled €660 million, 6.6 percent of total costs of sales.
Clean air around our plants
Reporting of NOx and SOx will be extended to all our operations in 2009.
Raw materials efficiency
Effective waste management helps to increase raw materials efficiency in our manufacturing operations, reduces our environmental footprint and reduces cost for the company. In 2008, the waste reporting was expanded to total waste, which will encourage waste reduction for reusable, as well as non-reuseable, waste.
In 2008, AkzoNobel produced 795 ktons of waste from its operations, 228 ktons of this was reuseable waste, the rest non-reuseable. Our Soda Ash site generates 510 ktons of non-hazardous waste purely as a result of the process chemistry. Integrating this waste into our numbers would mask improvements from other businesses, so apart from the Total Waste figure, all reporting is based on waste quantities excluding this Soda Ash stoichiometric waste.
In 2009, we will extend our efforts from non re-usable waste reduction to total waste reduction and elimination of hazardous waste sent to landfill.
Soil and groundwater remediation
There are substantial costs associated with the assessment and remediation of historical soil and groundwater contamination. We periodically review historical/existing contamination at our sites, taking remedial action when required, and have procedures to prevent new contamination. During 2008, we pulled together specialists and assessment techniques from the former ICI and AkzoNobel into a global Soil and Ground Water expertise center to manage these issues most effectively.
AkzoNobel provides for environmental remediation costs when it is probable that liability will materialize and the cost can be estimated. During 2008, we assessed all the former ICI sites against the AkzoNobel policy and standards and have contained the provisions. We have now set aside €318 million that we believe is sufficient for the sites where AkzoNobel has ownership or responsibility.
Fresh water availability
Industrial companies have a responsibility to reduce their burden on fresh water supplies – especially in regions where fresh water is scarce. Sustainable fresh water supply is equally important to the sustainability of the business, so our ambition is to achieve sustainable fresh water management at all our sites in 2015.
In 2008, our HSE and Research, Development & Innovation groups developed a fresh water sustainability assessment which takes into account both the societal impact and the business continuity aspects. The tool allows the site to carry out an assessment and develop a focused improvement plan. We have requested all sites to complete this assessment in 2009.
Besides intake of fresh water, the emission of contaminated water from our sites to surface waters may also negatively impact fresh water resources and eco-systems. So we continue to seek ways to reduce our fresh water consumption and the chemical oxygen demand (COD) of our effluent to surface water.
Direct CO2 emissions from processes and fuel combustion in our facilities and indirect CO2 emissions from purchased energy.
Power consumption fuel mix
Volatile organic compound (VOC) emissions
Volatile organic compound emissions may lead to local low level ozone creation, smog formation and associated local health issues. We measure halogenated and non-halogenated organic compounds discharged to air.
Non-reusable waste which is not used for resource recovery, recycling, reclamation, direct reuse or alternative uses.
Hazardous non-reusable waste
Non-reusable waste which is classified as hazardous by national, state or local legislation.
Fresh water consumption
Total fresh water used from surface, ground or potable water sources.
Chemical oxygen demand