Creating shared value across three dimensions
Our shared value approach is reflected in the three-dimensional profit and loss analysis (3D P&L), measuring value in economic, environmental and social terms. Our longer term strategic investment decision-making can benefit from this analysis. We have used scientific, publicly available methodologies for our assessment.
In 2017, we updated the 3D P&L assessment (see below). We continue to work with others to further develop methodologies and agree on common approaches.
Economic, environmental and social value
in € billion (estimated)