Notes to the condensed financial statements

Invested capital

Invested capital at the end of Q2 2016 totaled €10.3 billion (Q2 2015: €10.7 billion), down €0.4 billion. Operating working capital was €142 million lower than June 30, 2015 and improved to 12.6 percent of revenue (Q2 2015: 12.8 percent).

Invested capital

in € millions

June 30, 2015

December 31, 2015

June 30, 2016

Trade receivables

2,806

2,267

2,579

Inventories

1,644

1,504

1,585

Trade payables

(2,433)

(2,386)

(2,289)

Operating working capital

2,017

1,385

1,875

Other working capital items

(721)

(787)

(778)

Non-current assets

10,184

10,284

10,539

Less investments in associates and joint ventures

(163)

(165)

(156)

Less pension assets

(146)

(528)

(845)

Deferred tax liabilities

(434)

(360)

(348)

Invested capital

10,737

9,829

10,287

Operating working capital

In % of revenue

AkzoNobel – Operating working capital (bar chart)AkzoNobel – Operating working capital (bar chart)

Pensions

The net balance sheet position (IAS19) of the pension plans at the end of Q2 2016 was a deficit of €0.4 billion (year-end 2015: €0.6 billion). The development during the first half of 2016 was the net effect of:

  • Top-up payments of €284 million, predominantly into the UK pension plans
  • Higher asset returns and lower inflation

Offset by:

  • Lower discount rates in the key countries
  • De-risking of pension liabilities through non-cash buy-in transactions totaling €1.2 billion (£0.6 billion in Q2 and £0.3 billion in Q1), related to the ICI Pension Fund, which led to an adverse €221 million impact in Other comprehensive income

An additional non-cash buy-in transaction of £0.8 billion was completed in July 2016 related to the ICI Pension Fund.

Workforce

At June 30, 2016, we employed 45,700 people (June 30, 2015: 46,000). With the introduction of Global Business Services (GBS) organization as of January 1, 2016 some employees are now reported at corporate level instead of within the Business Areas.

Accounting policies and restatements

This interim financial report is in compliance with IAS 34 "Interim Financial Reporting". This report is unaudited. The IFRS changes applicable as from January 1, 2016 do not have any or only an immaterial effect on our Consolidated financial statements. Otherwise the accounting principles are as applied in the 2015 financial statements.

Seasonality

Revenue and results in Decorative Paints are impacted by seasonal influences. Revenue and profitability tend to be higher in the second and third quarter of the year as weather conditions determine whether paints and coatings can be applied. In Performance Coatings, revenue and profitability vary with building patterns from original equipment manufacturers. In Specialty Chemicals, the Functional Chemicals and the Surface Chemistry businesses experience seasonal influences. Revenue and profitability are affected by developments in the agricultural season and tend to be higher in the first half of the year.

Other activities

In other activities, we report activities which are not allocated to a particular Business Area. Corporate costs are the unallocated costs of our head office and shared services center in the Netherlands and also include country holdings. Pensions reflects pension costs after the elimination of interest cost (reported as financing expenses). Insurances are the results from our captive insurance companies. Other costs include the cost of share-based compensation, the results of treasury and legacy operations.