Note 20: Commitments

Purchase commitments for property, plant and equipment aggregated €22 million (2015: €31 million).

Lease payments during 2016 amounted to €223 million (2015: €193 million). Our operational lease portfolio mainly consists of leases related to land and property, employee cars and certain specific assets in Specialty Chemicals.

Maturity operational lease contracts

in € millions

2015

2016

Payments due within one year

152

172

Payments between one and five years

335

338

Payments due after more than five years

150

212

Total

637

722

Guarantees related to associates and joint ventures at year-end 2016 totaled €5 million (2015: €5 million).