Note 20: Soil and groundwater remediation

Soil and groundwater remediation

There are costs associated with the assessment and remediation of historical soil and groundwater contamination. We periodically review historic contamination at our sites, taking remedial action when required, and have procedures to prevent new contamination.

In line with IFRS accounting rules, we make provisions for environmental remediation costs when it is probable that liability will materialize and the cost can be reasonably estimated. We have set aside €326 million which we believe is sufficient for the sites where we have ownership or responsibility (See Note 16 of the Consolidated financial statements).