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Note 14: Post-retirement benefit provisions


Post-retirement benefit provisions

Post-retirement benefits comprise defined benefit pensions and other post-retirement benefits, including healthcare or welfare plans. We have a number of defined benefit pension plans. The largest pension plans are the ICI Pension Fund and the AkzoNobel (CPS) Pension Scheme in the UK which together account for 79 percent of our pension plan defined benefit obligations. The benefits of these and other plans are based primarily on years of service and employees’ compensation. The funding policy for the plans is consistent with local requirements in the countries of establishment. Obligations under the defined benefit plans are systematically provided for by depositing funds with trustees or separate foundations, under insurance policies, or by balance sheet provisions. Plan assets principally consist of long-term interest-earning investments, quoted equity securities and real estate. Valuations of the obligations under the pension and other post-retirement plans are carried out regularly by independent qualified actuaries.

We also provide certain healthcare and life insurance benefits to retired employees, mainly in the US and the Netherlands. We accrue for the expected costs of providing such post-retirement benefits during the service years of the employees.

In line with our pension risk management policy, in May 2012 a longevity swap was transacted with a third party by the AkzoNobel (CPS) Pension Scheme. The insurance contract covers €1.75 billion of UK pension liabilities relating to almost 17,000 current pensioners and their dependants and helps protect AkzoNobel against future increases in life expectancy. Later in 2012 a program in the US was implemented, offering certain deferred members payment of benefits as a lump sum in December 2012. This is expected to reduce employer contribution requirements into those plans in future years. A number of smaller pension plans have been curtailed during the year, including plans in Canada, South Africa and Pakistan. As a result of the announced Decorative Paints divestment in 2013, €51 million of post-retirement balance sheet provisions with an associated funded status of €111 million are classified as held for sale at the end of 2012.

Movements in post-retirement benefit provisions

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pensions

 

Other post-retirement benefits

 

Total

In € millions

 

2011

 

2012

 

2011

 

2012

 

2011

 

2012

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Defined benefit obligation

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance at beginning of year

 

(14,171)

 

(15,110)

 

(394)

 

(421)

 

(14,565)

 

(15,531)

Acquisitions/divestments/transfers

 

9

 

34

 

 

3

 

9

 

37

Curtailments

 

 

9

 

 

 

 

9

Settlements

 

16

 

66

 

 

 

16

 

66

Past service cost

 

(6)

 

(18)

 

(5)

 

1

 

(11)

 

(17)

Current service costs

 

(51)

 

(53)

 

(6)

 

(8)

 

(57)

 

(61)

Contribution by employees

 

(4)

 

(4)

 

(2)

 

(2)

 

(6)

 

(6)

Interest costs

 

(725)

 

(697)

 

(18)

 

(18)

 

(743)

 

(715)

Benefits paid

 

919

 

1,024

 

31

 

31

 

950

 

1,055

Actuarial gains/(losses)

 

(715)

 

(1,411)

 

(16)

 

(1)

 

(731)

 

(1,412)

Changes in exchange rates

 

(382)

 

(304)

 

(11)

 

7

 

(393)

 

(297)

Defined benefit obligation at year-end

 

(15,110)

 

(16,464)

 

(421)

 

(408)

 

(15,531)

 

(16,872)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Plan assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance at beginning of year

 

13,122

 

14,605

 

 

 

13,122

 

14,605

Acquisitions/divestments

 

(6)

 

(25)

 

 

 

(6)

 

(25)

Settlements

 

(16)

 

(58)

 

 

 

(16)

 

(58)

Contribution by employer

 

502

 

738

 

29

 

29

 

531

 

767

Contribution by employees

 

4

 

4

 

2

 

2

 

6

 

6

Benefits paid

 

(919)

 

(1,024)

 

(31)

 

(31)

 

(950)

 

(1,055)

Expected return on plan assets

 

684

 

650

 

 

 

684

 

650

Actuarial gains/(losses)

 

840

 

158

 

 

 

840

 

158

Changes in exchange rates

 

394

 

330

 

 

 

394

 

330

Plan assets at year-end

 

14,605

 

15,378

 

 

 

14,605

 

15,378

Funded status

 

(505)

 

(1,086)

 

(421)

 

(408)

 

(926)

 

(1,494)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Unrecognized net loss/(gain)

 

491

 

1,671

 

10

 

8

 

501

 

1,679

Unrecognized past service costs

 

5

 

3

 

(17)

 

(11)

 

(12)

 

(8)

Restriction on asset recognition

 

(3)

 

(8)

 

 

 

(3)

 

(8)

Medicare receivable

 

 

 

(4)

 

(3)

 

(4)

 

(3)

Net balance sheet provisions

 

(12)

 

580

 

(432)

 

(414)

 

(444)

 

166

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Recorded under

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Provisions for pensions and other
post-retirement benefits

 

(653)

 

(634)

 

(400)

 

(348)

 

(1,053)

 

(982)

Other financial non-current assets

 

712

 

1,292

 

 

 

712

 

1,292

Current portion

 

(71)

 

(69)

 

(32)

 

(24)

 

(103)

 

(93)

Held for sale

 

 

(9)

 

 

(42)

 

 

(51)

Total

 

(12)

 

580

 

(432)

 

(414)

 

(444)

 

166

DBO at funded and unfunded pension plans

 

 

 

 

 

In € millions

 

2011

 

2012

Wholly or partly funded plans

 

14,812

 

16,116

Unfunded plans

 

298

 

348

Total

 

15,110

 

16,464

Funded status in earlier years at December 31

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pensions

 

Other post-retirement benefits

In € millions

 

2008

 

2009

 

2010

 

2008

 

2009

 

2010

Defined benefit obligation

 

(11,468)

 

(13,688)

 

(14,171)

 

(441)

 

(393)

 

(394)

Plan assets

 

10,480

 

11,821

 

13,122

 

 

 

Funded status

 

(988)

 

(1,867)

 

(1,049)

 

(441)

 

(393)

 

(394)

Actuarial gains and losses

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pensions

 

Other post-retirement benefits

In € millions

 

2008

 

2009

 

2010

 

2011

 

2012

 

2008

 

2009

 

2010

 

2011

 

2012

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Defined benefit obligation

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Due to experience

 

(147)

 

331

 

(92)

 

(98)

 

22

 

(5)

 

5

 

23

 

11

 

Due to change in assumptions

 

1,624

 

(2,034)

 

(158)

 

(617)

 

(1,433)

 

5

 

(12)

 

(19)

 

(27)

 

(1)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Plan assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Due to experience

 

(1,445)

 

614

 

652

 

840

 

158

 

 

 

 

 

Total

 

32

 

(1,089)

 

402

 

125

 

(1,253)

 

 

(7)

 

4

 

(16)

 

(1)

Net periodic cost

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pensions

 

Other post-retirement benefits

In € millions

 

2011

 

2012

 

2011

 

2012

Service costs for benefits earned during the period

 

(51)

 

(53)

 

(6)

 

(8)

Interest costs on defined benefit obligations

 

(725)

 

(697)

 

(18)

 

(18)

Expected return on plan assets

 

684

 

650

 

 

Amortization of unrecognized net losses

 

(31)

 

(36)

 

(2)

 

Amortization of past service costs

 

(6)

 

(17)

 

(2)

 

6

Change of restriction of asset recognition

 

 

(5)

 

 

Settlement/curtailment gain

 

1

 

(7)

 

 

Total

 

(128)

 

(165)

 

(28)

 

(20)

Weighted average assumptions at year-end

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pensions

 

Other post-retirement benefits

In %

 

2011

 

2012

 

2011

 

2012

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pension benefit obligation

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Discount rate

 

4.6

 

3.9

 

4.4

 

3.5

Rate of compensation increase

 

3.7

 

3.4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net periodic pension costs

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Discount rate

 

5.4

 

4.6

 

4.9

 

4.4

Rate of compensation increase

 

4.6

 

3.7

 

 

 

 

Expected return on plan assets

 

5.3

 

4.3

 

 

 

 

The remaining plans primarily represent defined contribution plans. This includes, among others, the Pension Fund APF in the Netherlands. The ITP2 plan in Sweden is financed through insurance with the Alecta insurance company and is classified as a multi-employer defined benefit plan. AkzoNobel does not have access to sufficient information from Alecta to enable a defined benefit accounting treatment and hence it is accounted for as a defined contribution plan. Contributions in 2012 were €10 million (2011: €10 million). Alecta’s target funding ratio in 2012 was 140 percent although the actual ratio at September 2012 stood at 123 percent. There is also a small number of multi-employer plans in the US in which AkzoNobel participates with annual contributions totalling less than €1 million. These are also accounted for as defined contribution plans. The expenses of plans classified as defined contribution plans in AkzoNobel totaled €180 million in 2012 (2011: €154 million).

Interest costs on defined benefit obligations for both pensions and other post-retirement benefits together with the expected return on plan assets in the net periodic costs table together comprise the net financing expenses on post-retirement benefits of €65 million (2011: €59 million), see Note 4.

Life expectancy

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

At December 31

In years

 

2011

 

2012

 

 

 

 

 

Currently aged 60

 

 

 

 

Male

 

26.1

 

26.2

Female

 

28.5

 

28.7

 

 

 

 

 

Currently aged 45, at age 60

 

 

 

 

Male

 

27.2

 

27.3

Female

 

29.5

 

29.9

Plan assets

The assumptions for the expected return on plan assets were based on a review of the historical returns of the asset classes in which the assets of the pension plans are invested. The historical returns on these asset classes were weighted based on the expected long-term allocation of the assets of the pension plans.

The primary objective with regard to the investment of pension plan assets is ensuring that each individual scheme has sufficient funds available to satisfy future benefit obligations. For this purpose so-called asset and liability management (ALM) studies are made periodically at each pension fund under responsibility of the fund managers. For each of the pension plans an appropriate mix is determined on the basis of the outcome of these ALM studies, taking into account the national rules and regulations.

Pension plan assets principally consist of long-term interest-earning investments, quoted equity securities and real estate. At year-end 2012 and 2011, plan assets did not include financial instruments issued by the company, nor any property occupied or other assets used by it. The weighted average pension plan asset allocation at year-end 2012 and 2011, and the target allocation for 2013 for the pension plans by asset category are as follows:

Plan asset allocation

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Plan assets at December 31

 

Target

In %

 

2011

 

2012

 

2013

Equity securities

 

15

 

15

 

14–16

Long-term interest earning investments

 

73

 

72

 

72–75

Real estate

 

2

 

2

 

1–2

Other

 

10

 

11

 

9–11

Total

 

100

 

100

 

100

At year-end 2012, an amount of £133 million (€163 million; 2011: £143 million or €170 million) remained in an escrow account on behalf of the AkzoNobel (CPS) Pension Scheme in the UK. The present minimum annual funding of this pension fund from the escrow account is £25 million (€31 million). The current portion is included in trade and other receivables, and the non-current part in other financial non-current assets. For the latter see also Note 9.

Weighted average assumptions for the other post-retirement benefit plans were as follows:

Assumed healthcare cost trend rates at year-end

 

 

 

 

 

In %/year

 

2011

 

2012

Healthcare cost trend rate assumed for next year

 

6.6

 

5.9

Rate to which the cost trend rate is assumed to decline (the ultimate trend rate)

 

4.0

 

3.8

Year that the rate reaches the ultimate trend rate

 

2019–2030

 

2019–2032

Assumed healthcare cost trend rates can have a significant effect on the amounts reported for the healthcare plans. A one percentage point change in assumed healthcare cost trend rates would have the following effects:

Sensitivity healthcare cost trends

 

 

 

 

 

In € millions

 

1% point increase

 

1% point decrease

(Increase)/decrease on total of service and interest cost

 

(1)

 

1

(Increase)/decrease on post-retirement benefit obligations

 

(14)

 

12

In the US, the Medicare Prescription Drug Improvement and Modernization Act of 2003 introduced prescription drug benefits for retirees, as well as a federal subsidy to sponsors of post-retirement healthcare plans, which both began on January 1, 2006. We have recognized this reimbursement right as an asset under other financial non-current assets, measured at fair value amounting to €3 million at year-end 2012 (year-end 2011: €4 million).

Cash flows

We expect to contribute €388 million to our defined benefit pension plans in 2013. This includes a top-up payment of £135 million (€165 million) for the ICI Pension Fund. For other post-retirement benefit plans the contribution for 2013 is expected to be €26 million.

The figures in the table below are the estimated future benefit payments to be paid from the plans to beneficiaries over the next ten years.

Estimated benefit payments

 

 

 

 

 

In € millions

 

Pensions

 

Other post-retirement
benefits

2013

 

978

 

27

2014

 

972

 

27

2015

 

975

 

27

2016

 

979

 

27

2017

 

985

 

27

2018 - 2022

 

4,985

 

128

The amendments to IAS 19 “Employee Benefits” have become effective as of January 1, 2013 and will be applied in our 2013 financial reports. We have made a preliminary assessment of the effect of the implementation of these amendments on our consolidated financial statements for 2012, as follows in the table below.

Effect of the implementation of the amendment to IAS 19

 

 

 

 

 

In € millions

 

2012

 

2012 restated

 

 

 

 

 

Consolidated statement of income

 

 

 

 

Operating income

 

(1,244)

 

(1,198)

Financing expenses related to pensions

 

(65)

 

(3)

Income tax

 

(172)

 

(203)

Profit/(loss) for the period

 

(2,106)

 

(2,029)

Attributable to

 

 

 

 

Shareholders of the company

 

(2,169)

 

(2,092)

Non-controlling interests

 

63

 

63

 

 

 

 

 

Consolidated statement of comprehensive income

 

 

 

 

Actuarial gains and losses, and other items relating to post-retirement benefits

 

 

(1,298)

Income tax relating to other comprehensive income

 

 

249

Other comprehensive income for the period

 

6

 

(1,043)

Comprehensive income for the period

 

(2,100)

 

(3,072)

Attributable to

 

 

 

 

Shareholders of the company

 

(2,146)

 

(3,118)

Non-controlling interests

 

46

 

46

 

 

 

 

 

Balance sheet

 

 

 

 

Deferred tax assets

 

830

 

1,144

Other financial non-current assets

 

1,748

 

1,297

Total post-retirement benefit provisions

 

1,126

 

2,140

Deferred tax liabilities

 

442

 

420

Shareholders’ equity

 

6,892

 

5,764

Non-controlling interests

 

465

 

464

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